(STI) Sexually Transmitted Infections – Gejala Dan Penyebabnya – Best informasi

STI is a disease that you get in any part of your body or related to the mouth, anus, vagina or penis, etc. It can be caused by any kind of sexual activity.

STI is commonly known as a sexually transmitted disease (STD). This disease can be of many types. The most common symptoms of which are burning, itching or discharge in the genital area. In some cases, this disease is asymptomatic, which means that it cannot be diagnosed in any way.

Of all the infectious diseases, sexually transmitted infections are the most deadly. If you are active in any vaginal-related activity, you may develop an STI without even knowing it and it may spread to other people as well.

If you’re sexually active and think you’ve been infected with an STI, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends regular STI screening or testing to prevent or treat it.

Diseases like STI are very serious diseases, apart from these there is no cure of any kind for other diseases like Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), and it is active in reaching from one person to another, but they can be controlled, And it is necessary to get treatment because it is a danger to other people.

What is the difference between STI and STD?

There is no difference between sexually transmitted infection and sexually transmitted disease, they are the same. The term STI is used to describe any sex-related disease.

(STI) Sexually Transmitted Infections
(STI) Sexually Transmitted Infections

What are the types of STI infections?

Although there are many types of them, but we have told about their most common types below, please read them carefully:

Apart from these, there can be some other infections whose name may be different in common language.

How common are STI?

STI infections are common. According to research, more than 25 million people in the United States suffer from sexually transmitted infections every year.

And worldwide, there are more than 374 million sexually transmitted infections each year. And this is an estimated figure.

According to the CDC, nearly half of all STI cases worldwide occur in youth ages 15 to 24, largely due to the modern world and the attractive clothing worn by women living in it. .

Symptoms and causes

There can be many symptoms of sexually transmitted infection and as we have said that in many cases it may not have any symptoms, if any symptoms are visible in your body then they can be seen only around your genital area, which include Are included:

  • Bumps, sores, or warts on or around your penis, vagina, mouth, or anus.
  • Swelling or severe itching near your penis or vagina.
  • Discharge from your penis.
  • Vaginal discharge that has a foul odor, a burning sensation, or is of a different color or quantity than normal.
  • Vaginal bleeding is not your period.
  • Painful sex.
  • Pain while urinating or frequent urination.

Apart from this, in many types of STI, symptoms can appear all over your body, some of which are the following symptoms:

  • Skin rashes.
  • Weight loss.
  • Diarrhea.
  • Night sweats.
  • Aches, pains, fever, and chills.
  • Jaundice (yellowing of your skin and the whites of your eyes).

What causes sexually transmitted infections?

Although there can be many reasons for STI disease, the most common one is sexual activity, when various bacteria, viruses or parasites enter your body and infect you, then the risk of getting STI increases, especially during sex. Bodily fluids enter the body of one person and during this process, if one person has any STI disease, then the microorganism of that disease enters the body of the other person and infects him too.

STIs are most easily transmitted through fluids such as blood, urine, semen, saliva, and other mucus-lined areas, as well as through other forms of sexual contact (oral and anal sex or other sexual activity).

Are sexually transmitted infections contagious?

The simple answer is yes, sexually transmitted infections are seriously contagious and can even kill a person, there is no cure for some sexually transmitted infections, which depends on the age of the person.

Although this disease is spread through any kind of sexual activity, apart from this, some STIs in this disease, such as syphilis, can also be spread while a mother gives birth to her child. Because even in this the fluid can easily reach from one person to another and infect.

In olden times, most of the diseases used to spread in this way and people lost their lives due to lack of information, even today many people are not very educated, hence there is a need to educate them.

However, some STIs are treatable and require you to get tested. If you are sexually active, you should get tested regularly and keep track of your diagnosis.

Many times, not using protection during sex increases the spread of STIs, in such a situation you should talk to your partner.

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What are the complications of (STI) sexually transmitted infections?

Although many STIs can be treated, if left untreated, their complications increase and can be lifelong.

And we have mentioned below which are the common complications of untreated STI, please read carefully:

  • HIV can lead to AIDS.
  • Syphilis can damage your organs, nervous system, and infect the developing fetus.
  • Risk of spreading STIs to your sexual partners.

Apart from this, STI can also cause serious problems for women, some of which are included in the following table (AFAB):

In men or those who are assigned male at birth (AMAB), this category of untreated STIs can lead to:

  • Infections in the urethra and prostate.
  • Swollen, painful testicles.
  • Weakness in testicles. It can infect you with infertility.

Diagnosis and Testing

(STI) Sexually Transmitted Infections

How are sexually transmitted infections diagnosed?

Only a health care provider can diagnose STI infection after testing it, and as we have said that some STI diseases have no cure, so in such cases it can be controlled.

For this you will have to consult a doctor and answer all the questions without any shame.

The doctor will ask about your body symptoms and your medical conditions etc. – you have to answer honestly, do not hide anything.

If you answer all the questions honestly, your diagnosis will be easier, and your doctor will be more helpful.

Apart from this, even if you have been diagnosed with STI, you should get it tested regularly so that you can avoid its infection in future.

How often should I get tested for STIs?

In general, most health care providers recommend getting tested for sexually transmitted infections once a year. If you have more than one partner, you may choose to get tested more than once.

We recommend that you get tested for STIs once every 3 to 6 months if you have more than one partner.

Nowadays, everyone has sexual relations and many women even get pregnant before marriage, in such a situation some providers recommend STI testing before having sex with a new partner.

Doing this can help you avoid infection, and getting tested regularly is also better at detecting and treating STIs.

Apart from this, you should contact your doctor for more information and to know the type of STI infection you have.

Management and Treatment

Should I get the HPV vaccine?

Human papillomavirus (HPV) is one of the most common STIs in the United States. There are no symptoms in this type of STI, in this disease white colored warts or bumps develop around the genitals.

But this is also a serious disease, if it infects in large quantities then it can also cause cervical cancer.

There is a vaccine to prevent or treat genital warts , which health care providers recommend for children ages 11 to 12.

Because it can be caused by another infected person before you become sexually active. Health care officials provide a vaccine for this disease, which is available to everyone up to the age of 26.

And this vaccine can benefit people up to the age of 45 from infections like HPV.

But before taking any vaccine or medicine, be sure to ask your doctor whether it is right for you or not.

What is instant partner therapy?

If you are diagnosed with gonorrhea or chlamydia, your doctor may prescribe expanded partner therapy (EPT) without seeing your partner. Usually, the doctor will not write a prescription until after examining your partner. However, it stands to reason that if you have an STI, your spouse probably has one of these STIs. By doing this, you can quickly stop further transmission and avoid re-infection.

How soon will I feel better after treatment?

If your healthcare provider has given you antibiotics or antiviral medications to treat you after you’ve been tested, you should start feeling better within a few days. But you must take all the medicines as directed, even if you are feeling better, you should still take the medicine as directed, because the infection has not yet been completely cured.

Note: Do not share your medication with anyone else, and do not use someone else’s medication for your symptoms, as each person’s infection and diagnosis may be different.

Prevention

To prevent STI or to avoid infection, you can help yourself and your partner in many ways, Although there are many types of STI, hence their prevention is also different, hence the method of preventing them is also different, so we have discussed below. It has been explained in detail, please read carefully.

How can I reduce the development of sexually transmitted infections?

The only way to avoid sexually transmitted infections “STI” is to not have sex, it is better to stay as far away from it as possible, however in today’s time people have become habituated to it and they are not going to stop because, in today’s time, everyone Girl’s clothes have become such that she has become the center of attraction, therefore, you have to take some precautions about which the following table is given.

  1. The first and best way is to use latex condoms whenever you have sex. If you or your partner have a vaginal problem or either of you has an STI, use a dental dam before having oral sex.
  2. Choose your sex partner carefully, because in today’s time everyone is suffering from it, hence this disease can be spread from more than one partner.
  3. Ask for an STI test before having sex with a new sex partner.
  4. Avoid intoxicants before having a relationship. People who are under its influence may ignore safety precautions and meet with accidents.
  5. Educate yourself about STIs. The more you know, the safer you will be and you will be able to protect your partner from this too.

Guide to Use a latex condom

(STI) Sexually Transmitted Infections
(STI) Sexually Transmitted Infections

Can the spread of sexually transmitted infections be prevented?

As we have told that it can be prevented and can also be prevented from getting infected, but there are some infections which, if a person has already got them, cannot be cured, but they can be treated. So, you have to follow all the things carefully, and if you have read this article carefully then you must have got complete information about it.

FAQ

What happens if I have an STI and I’m pregnant?

If you are pregnant and have any type of STI, it is important to talk to your health care provider immediately to keep your baby safe. They will advise you on treatment to keep you and your baby safe.

What is the outlook for sexually transmitted infections?

As we have told many diseases of sexually transmitted infection (STI) can be cured and its infection can be avoided, but unfortunately there is no cure for some STIs, such as (HIV) such diseases The person requires lifelong care and treatment. Therefore, you have to be cautious because even after curing the STI, you may get it again.

STIs are common and can be treated, but there is no cure for some types of infection, so you need to educate yourself, teach your children about it, and keep them safe. Ask your doctor for more information. Talk, and if you have any questions in your mind then ask us by commenting.

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